Impact of isolation precautions on quality of life: a meta-analysis

Impact of isolation precautions on psychological wellbeing of patients has yet to be fully quantified. To assess the impact of isolation precautions on patients' health-related quality of life and depression or anxiety scales and estimate per day cost of anxiety and depression. Literature pertaining to impact of isolation precautions was searched on EMBASE and PubMed databases and Google Scholar. A two-step independent screening of the articles was performed. Articles that compared isolated and non-isolated patients using different quality of life and psychological burden scales were included. A meta-analysis was conducted using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS-A and HADS-D). Psychological burden measures from selected literature were presented in a graph as effect sizes. Per day cost of anxiety and depression was estimated using pooled mean difference from meta-analysis. Out of 106 articles, 94 were excluded due to inclusion criteria, leaving 12 for full text review. After review of full text of the articles, seven articles were shortlisted for empirical analysis and four out of these seven for meta-analysis. The pooled mean difference estimates for HADS-A was −1.4−1.4 ( P=0.15) and that for HADS-D was −1.85−1.85 ( P=0.09). In the empirical analysis of psychological burden scales, the effect in all studies except one was negative. Results from meta-analysis and empirical analysis of psychological burden implied that isolated patients are worse off in general. The implied estimated per day cost of anxiety and depression in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) is approximately US$10.

Year of Publication: 2020

Authors: Aidan Hollis, Anuj Sharma, Cody Doolan, Dylan R. Pillai, Jenine Leal, Joseph Kim, Mingshan Lu

Journal Title: The Journal of Hospital Infection